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#### Tuesday, December 21, 2021

In version 3.2 of the TMS Analytics & Physics library, we’ve introduced
new FNC Math components. The components allow easy development of math
applications with all the advantages of the Delphi IDE. The base concepts of
the math components have been described in the previous article. In this article,
we’ll introduce several advanced components for designing more complicated math
applications.

With the base components **TFNCFunction1D,
TFNCDerivative1D**, and **TFNCIntegral1D** we can evaluate
functions, derivatives, and integrals of math expressions. Let’s consider the
following component:

**TFNCFunctionDerivative1D**– introduces a symbolic derivative of an FNC function; allows evaluating the derivative for the specified variable value.

The component provides the following published properties:

**Variable (TVariableProperty)**– a variable specifying the argument of the function.**D (TVariableProperty)**– a variable specifying the differential.**Functional (TFNCBaseFunction1D)**– a differentiable FNC function.**Formula (TFormulaProperty)**– read-only formula denoting the resulting math expression of the derivative.

As one can see, this component is like the **TFNCDerivative1D**, but the **Functional
**property now is of **TFNCBaseFunction1D
**type. This means that we can assign any appropriate function to the property. The
component will trace the functional’s change and re-evaluate the derivative automatically.

Let’s start developing an advanced FNC math application. Put a **TFNCProvider **on the form and create
three parameters **‘A’, ‘B’**, and ‘L’. Add new **TFNCFunction1D
**and **TFNCFunctionDerivative1D **components.
Assign required properties to the function as described in this article. Add an FNC Chart
and two plotters for both components (the function and the derivative).

Then connect the derivative component with the function, assigning its **Functional **property. Finally, input a
simple math expression, say ‘5*sin(x)’, into the **Formula**** **property of the function. Our math application at the
design time is shown in the picture below:

Then we can add a text box, allowing the user to input a math expression, and a button with the following simple event handler:

procedure TForm1.Button1Click(Sender: TObject);

var

f: string;

begin

f:= Edit1.Text;

FNCFunction1D1.Formula.Formula:= f;

end;

The developed application provides functionality for drawing a user-defined
function and its derivative on one chart. An example of the running application
is shown in the following picture:

Note that we created only one button with the event handler which
assigns the formula to the function. When the formula is changed, the derivative
is re-evaluated and the chart is updated automatically.

Let’s move on and modify the application to evaluate also the second
derivative of the function. It is possible due to the special structure of the
FNC math components. As the **TFNCFunctionDerivative1D
**class is a descendent of the **TFNCBaseFunction1D**,
the derivative is considered to be an FNC function. Thus, we can just evaluate
a derivative of any other derivative and get the second-order derivative of a
function.

Putting a new **TFNCFunctionDerivative1D
**component (together with a plotter for the FNC chart) and assigning the functional
property to the first derivative component, we get the fully functional
application:

Finally, let’s consider the **TFNCFunctionIntegral1D **component. It has the same properties as the
**TFNCFunctionDerivative1D **class, but
it evaluates the indefinite integral of a function. Now we can create a single
application that provides the evaluation of a user-defined function, its derivatives
of the first and the second order, and its integral.

The source code of the demo project for the article can be downloaded
from here. To develop your own FNC
math application you need to install the TMS Analytics & Physics
and TMC FNC Chart
products.

Masiha Zemarai

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