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Monday, April 24, 2017The Delphi compiler allows functions and procedures to be tagged with the inline directive to improve performance. If the function or procedure meets certain criteria, the compiler will insert code directly, rather than generating a call. Embarcadero docwiki gives a list of conditions under which inlining does or does not occur.
One of basic conditions says: within a unit, the body for an inline function should be defined before calls to the function are made.
TMS FixInsight 2017.04 introduces rule O805 Inline marked routine comes after its call in the same unit. Lets check FMX and VCL code to see if Embarcadero follows their own rules. Short answer: it doesnt.
I will give a couple of examples from Delphi 10.1 Berlin (version 24.0.22858.6822).
//at line 8529 procedure TWinControl.ReadState(Reader: TReader); begin DisableAlign; try inherited ReadState(Reader); finally EnableAlign; end; FixupTabList; if FParent <> nil then Perform(CM_PARENTCTL3DCHANGED, 0, 0); UpdateControlState; end;
//at line 9010 procedure TWinControl.AlignControl(AControl: TControl); var Rect: TRect; begin if not HandleAllocated or (csDestroying in ComponentState) then Exit; if FAlignLevel <> 0 then Include(FControlState, csAlignmentNeeded) else begin DisableAlign; try Rect := GetClientRect; AlignControls(AControl, Rect); finally Exclude(FControlState, csAlignmentNeeded); EnableAlign; end; end; end;
TWinControl.DisableAlign is an inline marked procedure. It is called at line 8531 and line 9019, but its body is defined after the calls at line 9030. Obviously, this function will not be inlined.
//at line 9030 procedure TWinControl.DisableAlign; begin Inc(FAlignLevel); end;
One more example from another unit:
The method above contains two GetItemRelRect calls (lines 2457 and 2459), but both are before the actual GetItemRelRect body position in that unit (line 2868):
//at line 2430 procedure TListViewBase.UpdateDeleteButtonLayout; var RelRect: TRectF; begin if (Adapter.Count < 1) or (FDeleteLayout = nil) or ((FDeleteButtonIndex = -1) and (FPrevDeleteButtonIndex = -1)) then Exit; if (FListingService <> nil) and (TListingTransitionFeature.DeleteButtonSlide in FListingService.GetTransitionFeatures) then begin FDeleteLayout.Width := DefaultDeleteButtonWidth * FDeleteModeTransitionAlpha; FDeleteButton.Opacity := 1; end else begin if FDeleteModeTransitionAlpha > 0 then FDeleteLayout.Width := DefaultDeleteButtonWidth else FDeleteLayout.Width := 0; FDeleteButton.Opacity := 0.5 + (FDeleteModeTransitionAlpha / 2); end; FDeleteLayout.Height := GetItemHeight(FDeleteButtonIndex); FDeleteLayout.Position.X := Width - FDeleteLayout.Width; if FDeleteButtonIndex = -1 then RelRect := GetItemRelRect(FPrevDeleteButtonIndex, LocalRect) else RelRect := GetItemRelRect(FDeleteButtonIndex, LocalRect); FDeleteLayout.Position.Y := (RelRect.Top + RelRect.Bottom - FDeleteLayout.Height) / 2; end;
Despite being declared as inline, this method will not be inlined.
//at line 2868 function TListViewBase.GetItemRelRect(const Index: Integer; const LocRect: TRectF; const SideSpace: Integer = 0): TRectF; begin Result := RectF(LocRect.Left + FSideSpace + SideSpace, LocRect.Top + FSideSpace + FHeightSums[Index] - FScrollViewPos, LocRect.Width - ((SideSpace + FSideSpace) * 2), GetItemHeight(Index)); if (FScrollBar <> nil) and (not HasTouchTracking) and FScrollBar.Visible then Result.Right := Result.Right - FScrollBar.Width; end;
It is not a critical issue, but this makes inline directive useless. There are more occurrences of this issue in Vcl.ExtActns.pas, FMX.ASE.Lexer.pas, FMX.Graphics.pas, FMX.Types.pas, FMX.Utils.pas and FMX.ZOrder.Win.pas.
This means that inlining conditions are not easy to follow, even though at first glance inline directive seems to be an easy way to slightly optimize your code. TMS FixInsight may help to make inlining more useful by avoiding such mistakes.
You can download TMS FixInsight trial and check your own code.
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